Dengue outbreak in Puerto Rico creates public health emergency | Trending Viral hub

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The risk of getting sick with dengue is always present in Puerto Rico and other places with hot and humid climates – But this year “cases have exceeded historical figures,”, according to the Secretary of Health of Puerto Rico, Carlos Mellado.

Mellado declared a public health emergency this week in an effort to curb the rise in dengue cases, according to the decree. helps ensure that Puerto Rico has access to the necessary resources to combat the outbreak. The declaration will last for 90 days and can be renewed if necessary.

Puerto Rico joins Brazil, Peru and another Latin American countries facing outbreaks when declaring a state of emergency for dengue.

As of Tuesday, there have been more than 3.5 million cases and more than 1,000 deaths in Latin America, according to the Pan American Health Organization. saying in to news briefing on Thursday.

“This is a cause for concern, since it represents three times more cases than those reported for the same period in 2023,” considered a record year, said PAHO director Jarbas Barbosa.

The Puerto Rico Department of Health reported first noticing an increase in dengue cases on the island in late 2023. 146 cases As reported in the third week of January, dengue rates began to consistently exceed 2023 levels.

Starting March 10At least 549 cases of dengue had been reported on the island since the beginning of the year, mainly in the capital of San Juan, according to the Department of Health. About 62% of patients were hospitalized with the disease; only 29 cases were considered serious. So far no deaths from dengue have been reported.

The most common symptom among those who contract the mosquito-borne disease is fever, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Other symptoms include severe headaches, nausea, vomiting, rash, and body pain.

Symptoms can be mild or severe.. Most dengue patients recover within a week, but in severe cases the disease can be life-threatening and require hospitalization, as it can cause shock, internal bleeding and even death. Those who have had dengue in the past are more likely to develop severe symptoms. A person can get sick from dengue up to four times in their life. once for each type of virus that can cause illness, according to the CDC.

The CDC has been working with the Puerto Rico Department of Health and other local agencies to enact the island’s law. dengue prevention and control plan — which includes removing and cleaning areas with standing water that could serve as mosquito breeding grounds, as well as urging the public to use mosquito repellents and wire mesh panels to keep mosquitoes out of their homes.

In a statement on MondayMellado said in Spanish that all sectors of Puerto Rican society must join forces to prevent the contagion and spread of this virus.

Puerto Rico last declared a dengue epidemic in 2012. at least 199 people died of dengue during that time.

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