Here are 4 reasons why we still go to the Moon


On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin landed safely on the moon on Apollo 11. It was a terrifying moment, with alarms blaring and frozen gas lines as the astronauts hurtled toward another celestial body for the first time in history. the history of humanity.

The astronauts landed on Mare Tranquillitatis, a dark blue plain made of ancient lava, and for the next two hours explored the moon’s surface, collecting rock samples and jumping. It was the first of six more crewed trips to the moon between 1969 and 1972. The Apollo 13 mission was the only one that had to be aborted and the crew performed an emergency re-entry.

(Credit: Castleski/Shutterstock)

In 1972, Apollo 17 was the last manned expedition at a time when US interest in moon landings was rapidly fading. We had been there and now it was time for the next big space adventure.

But now, half a century later, scientists have renewed interest in what we can learn from the moon. According POTThe moon remains a “treasure of science”, one that in the future could allow habitation.

Artemis III will be the first manned spacecraft to land at the Moon’s mysterious South Pole on a mission currently planned for 2025.

1. There is water on the moon

we already know that there is water on the moonbut Scientists are eager to find out how much water can be found. Unmanned shuttles such as India’s Chandrayaan-1 and NASA’s Cassini and Deep Impact have shown evidence of water in the form of oxygen and hydrogen molecules, and we know that the poles are frozen with ice due to their high reflectance.

How much water is there on the moon?

Still, we don’t know how much water is present, which is important because hydration would be a boon to future lunar habitation, and transporting it such a distance is cost-prohibitive for long-term living there.

On the other hand, in the warmest areas of the Moon, which can reach 300 degrees Celsius (572 Fahrenheit), it is difficult for water not to evaporate, and it is believed that these portions have 100 times less water than the Sahara desert.

Read more: The search for ice deposits in lunar craters

2. The moon has solar energy

There is also space based solar energy on the moon. The moon may even have what scientists call “eternal light spikes,” according to a November 2016 study published in the journal Space policy.

What are Eternal Light Spikes?

Eternal light spikes are areas on the moon’s surface that are illuminated 80 to 90 percent of the time, meaning they could be perfect for solar power generation, allowing power to be generated on a distant planet. .

Water and energy are two known needs for habitable life and provide a real opportunity for astronauts to spend a lot of time on this distant lunar land.

Read more: Solar-powered lunar rovers will help scientists search for lunar ice

3. NASA has plans for a base on the Moon

If we ever plan to live on Mars, we must learn to inhabit another planet, and the moon is a more realistic destination. It’s not just a mission to the moon; It’s about building a community.

Where will the Moon base be located?

Artemis Base Camp It would be located at the south pole of the moon. It would be a long-term scientific laboratory where astronauts would learn everything there is to know about current and past life on the surface of the moon. Better spacesuit designs, better cameras, and better equipment in general will make it easier to gather information and explore the moon’s surface than it was 50 years ago.

4. Scientists want to perfect the trip to the Moon

Scientists will also perfect the trip to the Moon, in particular the landing and takeoff from its surface. They also hope to better understand what it is like to live in a reduced-gravity environment over the long term.

How do they find ice and hydrogen on the Moon?

Using mobile vehicles, they will search the planet for ice that can be filtered to obtain drinking water and hydrogen that can be converted into fuel.

NASA would also be working with private companies to deliver supplies to space outposts to extend the time humans could inhabit this lunar outpost. Basically, the moon is our oyster and is a practice field for what awaits us on Mars.

Read more: What’s good about the Moon’s south pole?

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