The federal reimbursement for electric vehicles – worth up to $7,500 – could be enough to convince many drivers to convert their next car to an electric vehicle. But the federal government isn’t the only one handing out money to potential electric vehicle owners. Many states have additional tax credits worth thousands of dollars that you can accumulate on top of the federal rebate.
Altogether, you could save more than $10,000 on purchasing an electric vehicle, depending on where you live. However, it’s not always easy to determine what you qualify for. “These incentives are not just a Google search away,” he said Peter Glennfounder and co-CEO of EV Life, an electric vehicle financing platform.
We’ve got you covered. Here’s what you need to know at the state level Electric Vehicle Tax Credits.
How do electric vehicle tax credits work?
A tax credit is typically structured as a refund. That means you pay the full price up front and then get the discount when you file your taxes.
The federal government’s electric vehicle tax credit is an exception, as car dealers can deduct the discount from the sticker price, saving you the hassle of applying for a refund later.
How it works at the state level depends on, well, the state. Before we get into that, let’s take a closer look at the federal tax credit.
How does the federal electric vehicle tax credit work?
The federal government offers car buyers up to $7,500 discount on the purchase of an electric vehicle.
New electric vehicles may qualify for the full credit of $7,500 or a partial credit of $3,750. There is also a similar tax credit of up to $4,000 for used electric vehicles.
The rules for which a car loan qualifies are a bit complicated. It depends on the specific car model you buy, where it is made, and how much it costs. You can see the full list of which vehicles qualify (and for how much) at this official government website.
And as mentioned above, this tax credit is unique in that participating auto dealers can apply the discount at the point of sale, eliminating the need for the buyer to submit paperwork for a tax refund later.
Which states have the best electric vehicle incentives?
In addition to that federal incentive, many states are now offering (or considering) additional rebates to make electric vehicles more affordable.
Here’s a list of the most generous EV discounts available statewide right now.
“There’s a lot of money on the table in Colorado,” Glenn said. He The state offers up to $7,500. discount on the purchase of a new electric vehicle. To qualify for the full credit, the sticker price of the electric vehicle must be less than $35,000; Cars between $35,000 and $80,000 may qualify for a credit of less than $5,000. You can read more about the details and eligibility rules here..
The state of Maine is also offering up to $7,500 off the purchase of a new electric vehicle for residents below certain income requirements. Those earning higher incomes may qualify for a partial credit of $3,500. and the state also has a refund for “any income” with a value of up to $2,000.
Although not as generous, Massachusetts also has a variety of discounts available. The best incentive is a $3,500 rebate for the purchase of a new or used electric vehicle. Minor rebates of $1,500 and $1,000 are available when you trade in a gas car for an electric vehicle (through purchase or lease).
Maryland is currently offering drivers up to $3,000 off the purchase of electric vehicles that cost less than $50,000. There are some conditions and eligibility requirements, what you can see here. The state too offers 50% discount on the cost for the installation of a home charger, up to $700.
The Delaware EV rebate is worth up to $2,500. You can see the list of eligible vehicles on the state website. You can claim the refund at the dealership (similar to the federal credit) or request it after the fact.
6. New York
In New York State, Drive Clean refund can offer residents up to $2,000 off the purchase or lease of a new electric vehicle. Here is the complete list of cars. who qualify for the New York refund. This credit can also be deducted from the car’s sticker price at participating dealers.
While California pioneered EV rebates at the state level, there is now less money available to residents than before, according to Glenn. The California Clean Vehicle Rebate Project closed in November 2023. That said, some of the state’s major metropolitan areas They have their own discountsas a $2,000 rebate for income-eligible Peninsula Clean Energy customers.
Why are some states more EV-friendly than others?
Often, the states that are most generous to EV buyers are the states that support clean energy more broadly. But Glenn said it also comes down to air quality: Many states justify their rebates for electric vehicles in terms of potential air quality improvements by taking gasoline-powered vehicles off the roads.
In addition to the seven states listed above, there are many more with programs that are awaiting more funding or considering new rebates for electric vehicles altogether. “New states are always coming on board,” Glenn said.
There are online tools where you can search for your state’s electric vehicle incentives. Glenn’s company, electrical life, It is just one of many options. Another is the US Department of Energy state-level search tool which allows customers to view current state incentives for electric vehicles, HEVs (hybrid vehicles), and PHEVs (plug-in hybrid vehicles).
Some states to watch out for, according to Glenn, are New Jersey, Oregon, Texas, Illinois, Washington and Minnesota.
What local EV incentives are available?
Believe it or not, federal and state programs are not the end of free money available for the purchase of electric vehicles. Many local governments and utilities are offering even more incentives for electric vehicles.
He US Department of Energy It also offers the ability to search by utility to see which EVs, HEVs and PHEVs qualify for local incentives.
You can also check with your city or electricity provider to see if they may have additional rebates you can accumulate on top of federal and state tax credits.
“There’s a whole world of opportunity out there,” Glenn said.